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2011年8月 4日 (木)

【TIPA】0005_Reasons why the English language is so hard to learn (words)

「TIPA0005.pdf」をダウンロード

\documentclass[12pt]{jarticle}
\usepackage[T1]{tipa}
\begin{document} \begin{tabular}{lllll}
a &
\textschwa &
a &
- &
- \\
about &
\textschwa b\'a\textupsilon t &
a-bout &
2/2 &
- \\
after &
\'\ae ft\textrhookschwa &
af-ter &
1/2 &
- \\
among &
\textschwa m\'\textturnv\ng &
a-mong &
2/2 &
- \\
and &
\textschwa nd &
and &
- &
- \\ \\
are &
\textrhookschwa &
are &
- &
- \\
around &
\textschwa r\'a\textupsilon nd &
a-round &
2/2 &
- \\
at &
\textschwa t &
at &
- &
- \\
bandage &
b\'\ae nd\i d\textyogh &
ban-dage &
1/2 &
- \\
bass &
b\'\ae s &
bass &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
bass &
b\'e\i s &
bass &
1/1 &
- \\
buck &
b\'\textturnv k &
buck &
1/1 &
- \\
bushes &
b\'u\textesh\i z &
bush(es) &
1/1 &
- \\
can &
k\textschwa n &
can &
- &
- \\
close &
kl\'o\textupsilon s &
close &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
close &
kl\'o\textupsilon z &
close &
1/1 &
- \\
could &
k\textschwa d &
could &
- &
- \\
decided &
d\i s\'a\i d\i d &
de-cide(d) &
2/2 &
- \\
desert &
d\'ez\textrhookschwa t &
des-ert &
(1)/2 &
[n.], [adj.] \\
desert &
d\i z\'\textrhookschwa\textlengthmark t &
de-sert &
(2)/2 &
[v.], [n.] \\ \\
dessert &
d\i z\'\textrhookschwa \textlengthmark t &
des-sert &
2/2 &
- \\
did &
d\i d &
did &
- &
- \\
does &
d\textschwa z &
does &
- &
- \\
does &
d\'o\textupsilon z &
doe(s) &
1/1 &
- \\
door &
d\'o\textrhookschwa &
door &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
dove &
d\'\textturnv v &
dove &
1/1 &
- \\
dove &
d\'o\textupsilon v &
dove &
1/1 &
- \\
down &
d\'a\textupsilon n &
down &
1/1 &
- \\
drum &
dr\'\textturnv m &
drum &
1/1 &
- \\
dump &
d\'\textturnv mp &
dump &
1/1 &
-
\end{tabular}

\begin{tabular}{lllll}
English &
\'\i\ng gl\i\textesh &
Eng-lish &
1/2 &
- \\
farm &
f\'\textscripta\textrhookschwa m &
farm &
1/1 &
- \\
farmer &
f\'\textscripta\textrhookschwa m\textrhookschwa &
farm-er &
1/2 &
- \\
fell &
f\'el &
fell &
1/1 &
- \\
for &
f\textschwa &
for &
- &
- \\ \\
friend &
fr\'end &
friend &
1/1 &
- \\
full &
f\'\textupsilon l &
full &
1/1 &
- \\
funny &
f\'\textturnv ni &
fun-ny &
1/2 &
- \\
furniture &
f\'\textrhookschwa\textlengthmark n\i t\textesh\textrhookschwa &
fur-ni-ture &
1/3 &
- \\
get &
g\'et &
get &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
got &
g\'\textscripta t &
got &
1/1 &
- \\
had to &
h\'\ae tt\textschwa &
had to &
- &
- \\
hard &
h\'a\textrhookschwa d &
hard &
1/1 &
- \\
he &
hi &
he &
- &
- \\
head &
h\'\textepsilon d &
head &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
help &
h\'elp &
help &
1/1 &
- \\
his &
h\i z &
his &
- &
- \\
how &
h\'a\textupsilon &
how &
1/1 &
- \\
I &
a\i &
I &
- &
- \\
if &
\i f &
if &
- &
- \\ \\
in &
\i n &
in &
- &
- \\
injections &
\i nd\textyogh\'ek\textesh\textschwa nz &
in-jec-tion(s) &
2/3 &
- \\
insurance &
\i n\textesh\'\textupsilon\textrhookschwa r\textschwa ns &
in-sur-ance &
2/3 &
- \\
intimate &
\'\i nt\textschwa m\`e\i t &
in-ti-mate &
1/3 &
[v.] \\
intimate &
\'\i nt\textschwa m\textschwa t &
in-ti-mate &
1/3 &
[adj.],[n.] \\ \\
into &
\'\i nt\textschwa &
in-to &
1/2 &
- \\
invalid &
\'\i nv\textschwa l\i d &
in-va-lid &
(1)/3 &
[n.],[adj.] \\
invalid &
\i nv\'\ae l\i d &
in-va-lid &
(2)/3 &
[adj.] \\
is &
\`\i z &
is &
- &
- \\
it &
\i t &
it &
- &
-
\end{tabular}

\begin{tabular}{lllll}
jaw &
d\textyogh\'\textscripta\textlengthmark &
jaw &
1/1 &
- \\
language &
l\'\ae\ng gw\i d\textyogh &
lan-guage &
1/2 &
- \\
lead &
l\'\i\textlengthmark d &
lead &
1/1 &
[v.],[n.],[adj.] \\
lead &
l\'ed &
lead &
1/1 &
[n.] \\
learn &
l\'\textrhookschwa\textlengthmark n &
learn &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
like &
l\'a\i k &
like &
1/1 &
- \\
line &
l\'a\i n &
line &
1/1 &
- \\
more &
m\'\textopeno\textschwa &
more &
1/1 &
- \\
most &
m\'o\textupsilon st &
most &
1/1 &
- \\
must &
m\textschwa st &
must &
- &
- \\ \\
my &
ma\i &
my &
- &
- \\
no &
n\'o\textupsilon &
no &
1/1 &
- \\
not &
n\'\textscripta t &
not &
1/1 &
- \\
number &
n\'\textturnv m\textrhookschwa &
numb(er) &
1/1 &
- \\
number &
n\'\textturnv mb\textrhookschwa &
num-ber &
1/2 &
- \\ \\
oarsmen &
\'\textopeno\textrhookschwa zmen &
oars-men &
1/2 &
←oarsman [n.] \\
object &
\'\textscripta bd\textyogh\i kt &
ob-ject &
(1)/2 &
[n.] \\
object &
\textschwa bd\textyogh\'ekt &
ob-ject &
(2)/2 &
[v.] \\
of &
\textschwa v &
of &
- &
- \\
on &
an &
on &
- &
- \\ \\
out &
\'\textscripta\textupsilon t &
out &
1/1 &
- \\
painted &
p\'e\i nt\i d &
paint(ed) &
1/1 &
- \\
painting &
p\'e\i nt\i\ng &
paint(ing) &
1/1 &
- \\
planting &
pl\'\ae nt\i\ng &
plant(ing) &
1/1 &
- \\
polish &
p\'\textscripta l\i\textesh &
pol-ish &
1/2 &
[v.],[n.] \\ \\
Polish &
p\'o\textupsilon l\i\textesh &
Pol-ish &
1/2 &
[n.] \\
present &
pr\'eznt &
pres-ent &
(1)/2 &
[adj.],[n.] \\
present &
pr\i z\'ent &
pre-sent &
(2)/2 &
[v.] \\
produce &
pr\'o\textupsilon d(j)u\textlengthmark s &
pro-duce &
(1)/2 &
[n.] \\
produce &
pr\textschwa d(j)\'u\textlengthmark s &
pro-duce &
(2)/2 &
[v.]
\end{tabular}

\begin{tabular}{lllll}
reasons &
r\'\i\textlengthmark znz &
rea-son(s) &
1/2 &
- \\
refuse &
r\'efju\textlengthmark s &
ref-use &
(1)/2 &
[n.],[adj.] \\
refuse &
r\i fj\'u\textlengthmark z &
re-fuse &
(2)/2 &
[v.] \\
row &
r\'a\textupsilon &
row &
1/1 &
[n.],[v.] \\
row &
r\'o\textupsilon &
row &
1/1 &
[v.],[n.] \\ \\
sail &
s\'e\i l &
sail &
1/1 &
- \\
seamstress &
s\'\i\textlengthmark mstr\textschwa s &
seam-stress &
1/2 &
- \\
seeing &
s\'\i\textlengthmark\i\ng &
see(ing) &
1/1 &
- \\
series &
s\'\i\textrhookschwa ri\textlengthmark z &
se-ries &
1/2 &
- \\
sewer &
s\'o\textupsilon\textrhookschwa &
sew-er &
1/2 &
←sew [v.] \\ \\
sewer &
s\'u\textlengthmark\textrhookschwa &
sew-er &
1/2 &
[n.] \\
shed &
\textesh\'ed &
shed &
1/1 &
- \\
shot &
\textesh\'\textscripta t &
shot &
1/1 &
←shoot [v.] \\
since &
s\'\i ns &
since &
1/1 &
- \\
so &
s\'o\textupsilon &
so &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
soldier &
s\'o\textupsilon ld\textyogh\textrhookschwa &
sol-dier &
1/2 &
- \\
sow &
s\'au &
sow &
1/1 &
[n.] \\
sow &
s\'o\textupsilon &
sow &
1/1 &
[v.] \\
strong &
str\'\textopeno(\textlengthmark)\ng &
strong &
1/1 &
- \\
subject &
s\'\textturnv bd\textyogh ekt &
sub-ject &
(1)/2 &
[n.],[adj.] \\ \\
subject &
s\textschwa bd\textyogh\'ekt &
sub-ject &
(2)/2 &
[v.] \\
taught &
t\'\textopeno\textlengthmark t &
taught &
1/1 &
←teach [v.] \\
tear &
t\'\i\textrhookschwa &
tear &
1/1 &
[n.] \\
tear &
t\'e\textrhookschwa &
tear &
1/1 &
[v.] \\
tests &
t\'ests &
test(s) &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
that &
\dh\'\ae t &
that &
1/1 &
- \\
the &
\dh\textschwa &
the &
- &
- \\
there &
\dh\'e\textrhookschwa &
there &
1/1 &
- \\
they &
\dh\'e\i &
they &
1/1 &
- \\
things &
\texttheta\'\i\ng z &
thing(s) &
1/1 &
-
\end{tabular}

\begin{tabular}{lllll}
this &
\dh\'\i s &
this &
1/1 &
- \\
thought &
\texttheta\'\textopeno\textlengthmark t &
thought &
1/1 &
←think [v.] \\
time &
t\'a\i m &
time &
1/1 &
- \\
to &
t\textschwa &
to &
- &
- \\
too &
t\'u\textlengthmark &
too &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
upon &
\textschwa p\'\textscripta n &
up-on &
2/2 &
- \\
used &
j\'u\textlengthmark zd &
use(d) &
1/1 &
- \\
was &
w\textschwa z &
was &
- &
- \\
we &
wi &
we &
- &
- \\
were &
w\textrhookschwa &
were &
- &
- \\ \\
when &
\textsl{h}w\'en &
when &
1/1 &
- \\
why &
hw\'a\i &
why &
1/1 &
- \\
wind &
w\'\i nd &
wind &
1/1 &
[n.],[v.] \\
wind &
w\'a\i nd &
wind &
1/1 &
[v.] \\
with &
w\'\i\dh &
with &
1/1 &
- \\ \\
would &
w\textschwa d &
would &
- &
- \\
wound &
w\'a\textupsilon nd &
wound &
1/1 &
←wind [v.] \\
wound &
w\'u\textlengthmark nd &
wound &
1/1 &
[n.],[v.] \\
\end{tabular}
\end{document}

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